The VRB technology has the flexibility to be deployed in a number of applications including :

Large-scale (MW) grid-connected storage

·         Smart-grid applications

·         Integrating wind and solar to complement existing baseload generation

·         Load levelling and peak shaving

·         Stabilising voltage and frequency

·         Improve power quality

·         Deferring upgrade investments for large generators

·         Uninterruptible power supply for industrial/commercial applications


For small- (kW) to large-scale (MW) distributed storage

·         Combined with solar or wind generation for remote communities (Remote Area Pwer Systems – RAPS)

·         Replacement of diesel generation for inaccessible installations

·         Uninterruptible power supply for communication


Small portable batteries

·         Electric vehicles that require ‘instant recharge’ through working fluid replacement